Crânes, cerveaux et têtes moulées. Penser les collections scientifiques des empires (fin XVIIIe-milieu XXe siècle)
Moulages de têtes humaines et savoir anthropologique
Plaster Face Casts and Anthropological Knowledge
This article examines the status of plaster face casts both in their relationships with anthropological knowledge and within museum displays devices. Focused on the anthropological collections in France throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, the article is divided into three sections. The first section is devoted to the analysis of the methodological guidelines for making casts of living subjects. From the examination of the methodological instructions intended for travelers, two intertwined questions will be addressed in the second section: on the one hand, the priority given to plaster casts and busts made after nature, and on the other, the theoretical debates surrounding the coloring of plaster casts in the field or in the laboratory. The third and last part analyses the circulation of plaster casts both in museums and in anthropological books.
Artigo disponível em https://journals.openedition.org/artefact/14365