O próximo seminário do GI Identidades, Culturas, Vulnerabilidades é presencial, mas poderá também ser visto (e discutido) online, via Zoom. É com o Stephen Lyon (Aga Khan University – London) no dia 28 de Outubro, na próxima quinta-feira, às 11h00, na sala Polivalente no ICS-UL.
Para quem não possa assistir diretamente, o link de acesso ao seminário é este:
Social Connections and Community Based Management Schemes in Northern Pakistan
Working in close collaboration with local communities, this project sought to assess the viability of a community based water management scheme initiated by the Aga Khan Development Agency for Habitat (AKAH). The Water and Sanitation Extension Programme (WASEP) was begun in 1997 to bring safe drinking water and sanitation systems to rural areas of northern Pakistan and Tajikistan. The success of these schemes in rural areas attracted the attention of members of the Government of Pakistan who expressed an interest in scaling up this type of community management system to urban areas. We set out to try and identify what factors contributed to these schemes’ success in rural areas to assist in developing appropriate guidelines to improve the likelihood of success in larger, more diversified populations. In this paper, I will discuss the significance of social connections within communities that both contributed to, and impeded, the sustainability of the WASEP schemes. The schemes that succeeded were not necessarily those that had the strongest relationships between all households, however, the association of the scheme with the Ismaili Muslim community does appear to have a direct impact on communities’ initial willingness to participate in the schemes at all. In this paper, I lay out some of the possible ways that community based water management schemes might leverage existing ties between households to create nested layers of coordination and management to enable more complex networks of locally controlled water and sanitation systems that meet people’s needs.
Stephen Lyon is the Head of Educational Programmes and Development at the Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations at AKU and holds a joint appointment at AKU-London and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences in AKU-Karachi as the Professor of Anthropology. He was Professor and Chair of the Anthropology Department at Durham University prior to joining AKU in 2018. He is a political anthropologist with a particular interest in conflict and resource management in rural and urban Pakistan. He has carried out longitudinal field research in northern and central Punjab for more than two decades and since 2019, has been conducting research in the northern areas of Pakistan, in the region bordering China. He is the author of numerous publications on the anthropology of Pakistan, including his most recent monograph on cultural drivers of Pakistan’s electoral politics (Lyon, Stephen M. 2019. Political Kinship in Pakistan: Descent, Marriage and Government Stability. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.)